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Sunday, May 3, 2020 | History

3 edition of Geology of the Waikato coal measures, Waikato coal region, New Zealand found in the catalog.

Geology of the Waikato coal measures, Waikato coal region, New Zealand

S. W. Edbrooke

Geology of the Waikato coal measures, Waikato coal region, New Zealand

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  • 3 Currently reading

Published by Institute of Geological & Nuclear Sciences Ltd in Lower Hutt, N.Z .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Coal -- Geology -- New Zealand -- Waikato River Watershed.,
  • Coal -- New Zealand -- Waikato River Watershed.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementS.W. Edbrooke, R. Sykes, D.T. Pocknall.
    SeriesInstitute of Geological & Nuclear Sciences monograph -- 6
    ContributionsSykes, R., Pocknall, D. T., Institute of Geological & Nuclear Sciences Limited.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsTN811.N62 W34 1994
    The Physical Object
    Paginationiv, 236 p. :
    Number of Pages236
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17138762M
    ISBN 100478070659
    OCLC/WorldCa33960612

      New Zealand has more than 15 billion tons of known coal reserves in the ground, and says that more than half of those resources are probably recoverable. In , New Zealand extracted .   Uncertainty of gas saturation estimates in a subbituminous coal seam These two measures, together with reservoir pressure, give an estimate of the gas saturation of the reservoir. Typically gas saturation has been assessed by collecting one adsorption isotherm sample and assuming it is representative of the whole seam reservoir conditions. About. Discover Kinross Cottages in the heart of Gibbston, Central Otago- the most southern wine making region in the world. Nestled in a working vineyard of Pinot Noir and Pinot Gris grapes only 25mins from Queenstown, Kinross is the perfect destination for your next escape, romantic retreat, meeting or event with 14 naturally appointed spacious Studio Cottage Rooms.


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Geology of the Waikato coal measures, Waikato coal region, New Zealand by S. W. Edbrooke Download PDF EPUB FB2

Waikato Coal Measures are dominated by fine-grained lithologies, principally mudstone, with lesser proportions of sandstone and coal; conglomerate is rare. Most sediments were derived from the thick regolith, rich in pedogenic kaolinite, formed on basement rocks. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Edbrooke, S.W.

Geology of the Waikato coal measures, Waikato coal region, New Zealand. Lower Hutt, New Zealand: Institute of Geological & Nuclear Sciences Limited, Lithological types and envirogeotechnical characteristics of the Waikato coal measures, New Zealand Article in International Journal of Coal Geology 49() March with 11 Reads.

Introduction The Eocene age Taupiri and Kupakupa coal horizons in the Waikato Coal Measures are the chief economically mined seams in the North Island of New Zealand (Fig.

Coal production in the Waikato region in was over million tons and there is an estimated recoverable coal resource of million tons (Barry et al., ; Coal Research Association, ).Cited by: COVID Resources.

Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.

The Waikato geological map covers about 11 km2 of the Waikato, King Country and north Taranaki, in the west of the North Island, New Zealand. The Waikato coal measures are of Late Eocene age (Edbrooke et al., ) and form the basal unit of the Te Kuiti group.

Kear and Schofield,King, They overlie the Mesozoic basement rocks (Newcastle group—Fig. 2) unconformably to typical thicknesses of 30– m and consist of a number of coal seams of sub-bituminous rank, interbedded predominantly with carbonaceous mudstones and Cited by: 1.

Geochemistry and petrography of the Taupiri and Kupakupa coal seams, Waikato coal measures (Eocene), New Zealand.

International Journal of Coal Geology, 33(2), – PDP (Pattle Delamore Partners Ltd) ().Author: H. Abu Bakar, S. Zarrouk. With New Zealand being a tectonically active country, the University of Waikato is conveniently located close to the Taupo Volcanic Zone, and the associated volcanoes and geothermal systems.

Field trips to examine geothermal activity, the products of volcanic activity over the. peat accumulation models in the Waikato Coal Measures. GEOLOGICAL SETTING The Waikato region is located close to the western margin of the plate boundary zone in the North Island of New Zealand (Fig.

1, inset). Waikato Coal Measures constitute the basal unit of the late Eocene (37 Ma) to early Miocene (23 Ma) Te. Geology of the Waikato Coal Measures, Waikato Coal Region, New Zealand Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences, Lower Hutt, New Zealand Monograph 6.

Faria-Santos, C., Bieniawski, Z.T., Edbrooke, S.W. Geology of the Waikato area. Lower Hutt: Institute of Geological & Nuclear Sciences. Institute of Geological & Nuclear Sciencesgeological map 4 68 p. + 1 folded map. Abstract: The Waikatogeological map covers ab km 2 of the Waikato, King Country and north Taranaki, in the west of the North Island, New Zealand.

Otago coal deposits occur in two different geological settings. Coal deposits near the east Otago coast north and south of Dunedin are within coal measures of Late Cretaceous to Paleocene age. Kaitangata coalfield is the largest, covering a large unworked lignite deposit in the west and a multi-seam deposit in the east.

The Waikato Coal Region is New Zealand's largest coal producing area (Edbrooke et al., ). The slope stability research described in this paper was conducted in the Waikato Coal Measures, concentrating on three coal mines. The Waikato Coal Measures form the basal unit of the transgressive Te Kuiti by: Timing of normal faulting in the Waikato Coal Measures, New Zealand, and its implications for coal‐seam geometry Article (PDF Available) in New Zealand Journal of Geology.

The degree of thermal alteration that is produced by burning of the coal is variable and very much localized. This study focuses on a single outcrop that is situated 2 km southeast of Rotowaro, Waikato coal region, on the North Island of New Zealand (Fig.

The pyrometamorphosed coal measures include baked, partially melted, and entirely. New Zealand main geological resources are Coal, Gold, Oil and natural gas.

Coal has been mined in Northland, the Waikato, Taranaki, Nelson and Westland, Canterbury, Otago, and Southland. The West Coast contains some of New Zealand's best bituminous coal. The largest coal deposits occur in Southland.

Gold has been mined in the Coromandel and. Ferm classified lithological units have been identified and described in the Waikato Coal Measures in open pits in the Waikato coal region.

These lithological units have been classified geotechnically by mechanical tests and discontinuity by: The Waikato contributes between 20 and 25 per cent of New Zealand's mineral production.

Aggregate from Mesozoic rocks ranges from good (greywacke) to poor (argillite), with detailed differences being related to the position of the deposit within the New Zealand by: 6. The University of Waikato is uniquely placed to offer a thorough grounding in all aspects of the Earth Sciences.

We are situated close to both North Island coasts, a short drive from the active Taupo Volcanic Zone, at the heart of the richest New Zealand farming region, and have New Zealand. Coal measures. Coal measures is a name for coal-bearing sedimentary rocks, which include sandstone, mudstone and conglomerates as well as coal seams.

Coal measures mined in New Zealand are generally a few tens to several hundreds of metres. Coal mining produced almost 4 million tonnes of coal inof which 44% was exported. In it was down to 2, tonnes. New Zealand coal reserves are in excess of 15 billion tonnes, mainly in Waikato, Taranaki, West Coast, Otago and Southland.

Over 80% of the reserves are in Southland lignite deposits worth $ billion. Coal is produced from four underground and 21 opencast mines. PDF | Ferm classified lithological units have been identified and described in the Waikato Coal Measures in open pits in the Waikato coal region.

These | Find, read and cite all the research. The map is the latest in a new series of 21 geological maps that will eventually cover the whole of New Zealand. Work on the map series started in and is scheduled for completion in The Waikato area is underlain by old ( million years), sedimentary rocks that form the Hakarimata and Herangi ranges in the west, and the.

Geology of the Port Waikato region (Onewhero sheet N51) Rating Required Select Rating 1 star (worst) 2 stars 3 stars (average) 4 stars 5 stars (best).

The Waikato region can be divided into four distinct topographical areas, characterised by our different landscapes: The map shows a simple picture of the main geology of the region.

Some are as old as million years. In places coal was formed, for example at Huntly. Find out more about the land and soil resources in the Waikato region.

Zealand Steel’s Glenbrook steel mill. Geology The Waikato Coal Region consists of coalfields developed 30 - 35 million years ago (the Eocene-Oligocene period).

The region extends from Drury (near Auckland) in the north to Mangapehi, south of Te Kuiti. The Waikato Coal Measures were deposited on an eroded ‘basement’ of Mesozoic greywackes.

New Zealand Geological Survey basin studies 2. 94 p. Field, B.D. et al.; $ Cretaceous and Cenozoic geology of the Chatham Rise region, South Island, New Hutt: New Zealand Geological Survey.

New Zealand Geological Survey basin studies 3. 75 p. Wood, R.A.; et al $ Cretaceous and Cenozoic sedimentary basins of western. Geology: Coal geology Geology: Petroleum Exploration Geology: Sedimentary basin analysis.

Professional activities. Sykes, R.; Pocknall, D.T. Geology of the Waikato Coal Measures, Waikato Coal Region, New Zealand. Lower Hutt: Institute of Geological & Nuclear Sciences. Institute of Geological & Nuclear Sciences monograph 6. p., 8 maps. Waikato coal region The Waikato Coal Region includes 13 coalfields and is New Zealand's major coal producing region (Edbrooke et al., ).

The Waikato Coal Measures, of Late Eocene age (Schofield, ), overlie Mesozoic basement rocks unconformably and are typically 30 to m by: 9. Inthe West Coast region produced 49 percent of New Zealand’s coal, while 41 percent was mined in the Waikato region.

The Southland, central Otago, and Canterbury regions of the South Island produced 9 percent, 1 percent, and a very small quantity, respectively. Eclipsed for years by its high-performing cousin natural gas, coal is making a comeback.

In Southland, Otago, Waikato and the West Coast—including at Spring Creek underground mine, north of Greymouth seen here—rivers of coal are flowing out of the ground to meet a burgeoning demand for New Zealand’s most abundant fossil fuel. When and why the Waikato changed course has been investi­gated by Vern Manville and Colin Wilson, two scientists working for the Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences.

They believe it was one of the consequences of the catastrophic Oruanui eruption of the Taupo volcano aro years ago. In a rail bridge was built across the Waikato River, which opened up coal mining in the western hills.

Mines grew at Pukemiro, Rotowaro, Glen Afton, Waikokowai, Renown and Glen Massey. Coal was shipped across the river by barge in the days before the bridge. In this ceremony marked the. Paleontological titles also carry on the numbering of the New Zealand Geological Survey Paleontological Bulletin series.

Authors of the Monographs come from within GNS and also externally, providing they meet the standards for the publication. Geology of the Waikato Coal Measures, Waikato Coal Region, New Zealand.

$ Add to Cart. An excavator loads overburden (soil and rock) onto a truck at the Rotowaro opencast mine west of Huntly. Overburden above the coal seam has to be removed before the coal itself can be mined. Opencast mining began in Waikato during the Second World War.

This group of miners worked together in the mids at the Huntly West mine in the Waikato region. They were known as the ‘Rotowaro shift’ because they all lived at the settlement of Rotowaro before it was abandoned to allow for opencast mining.

Edbrooke, S.W., Sykes, R. and Pocknall, D.T. () Geology of the Waikato Coal Measures Waikato Coal Region New Zealand. Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences Monograph by: 1.

Huntly is the site of a massive coal-fired power station. It was once a major source of coal – the open cast coal mine produced aro tonnes a day when it was fully operational. Coal was first discovered here in by a local reverend.

In the s, one of the seams was opened up to provide coal for the river boats using the Waikato. Waikato Coalfields Museum: Rare Museum - Coal Museum - See 8 traveller reviews, 18 candid photos, and great deals for Huntly, New Zealand, at Tripadvisor.4/5(8). The geology of Glen Massey accounts for its rise and fall as a former coal mining centre.

The map below shows a simple layout. Since then, maps of and have differentiated more strata, as in this list, starting with the oldest rocks.

Triassic (L on the map - mya), in the Newcastle are -Country: New Zealand.Coal geology in New Zealand Rating Required Select Rating 1 star (worst) 2 stars 3 stars (average) 4 stars 5 stars (best) Name.Most of New Zealand's coal has its origins in extensive coastal swamps or shallow inland basins.

New Zealand coals are mainly 25 to 70 million years old – relatively young compared to many overseas coal deposits. This is due to the highly active geology of New Zealand.